freedesktop.org Desktop Entry
From Just Solve the File Format Problem
A Desktop Entry provides a name, an icon and a description for an application, a link to a web page, or an applications menu submenu. Keys can be localized by putting the POSIX locale in brackets after the key name, e.g.
Name[fr]. They are typically found in
/usr/share/applications/ and its local counterparts. It uses an INI-like syntax. It was originally developed by KDE, but has been adapted by freedesktop.org for use on other desktops.
Most Used Keys
Name– Name of the application/web page/submenu.
GenericName– E.g. "Text Editor".
Icon– Either a path to an icon or a name of one in
Exec– The program to execute in case of type
URL– The URL of the web page in case of type