Exchangeable image file format (Exif) is a standard for storing metadata in image and audio files.
The Exif specification defines limited subsets of TIFF, JPEG, and WAV formats, and adds a standard way to store metadata in such files. Although it may be technically inaccurate, it's natural to think of Exif as the metadata format that is embedded in such files (instead of the files as a whole). And in practice, Exif metadata is sometimes used in files that do not conform to the specification, or in file formats that are not in the specification.
- For TIFF format, Exif defines a number of new TIFF tags, which are integrated into the TIFF file in IFDs that are pointed to by TIFF tags 34665, 34853, and 40965.
- In JPEG (and other image?) files, Exif data is stored in what amounts to an embedded TIFF file. The data is structurally valid TIFF data, though it would not make a fully valid TIFF file because it does not have a primary image. An APP1 marker with the identifier "Exif" is used for Exif data.
- For some reason, the Exif specification defines a way to store FlashPix data in Exif-conformant JPEG files. APP2 markers with the identifier "FPXR" are used. This uses a completely different data format, unrelated to TIFF. Some FPXR segments contain an OLE Property Set. Others may contain WAVE Audio.
|Exif 2.0 JPEG||x-fmt/398|
|Exif 2.0 TIFF||x-fmt/399|
|Exif 2.0 WAVE||x-fmt/397|
|Exif 2.1 JPEG||x-fmt/390|
|Exif 2.1 TIFF||x-fmt/388|
|Exif 2.1 WAVE||x-fmt/389|
|Exif 2.2 JPEG||x-fmt/391||fdd000147|
|Exif 2.2 TIFF||x-fmt/387||fdd000145|
|Exif 2.2 WAVE||x-fmt/396|
|Exif 2.2.1 JPEG||fmt/645|
The Exif standard is freely available, but some parts of it rely on documents that are not, such as ISO 12232 and ISO 14524. See the References section of the Exif standard.
- Exif version 2.1
- Exif version 2.2
- Exif version 2.3; 2010-04; Translation-2010
- Exif version 2.3; 2010-04; Revised 2012-12, Translation-2012
- Exif version 2.31; 2010-04; Revised 2016-07, Translation-2016