LG webOS Smart TV

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File Format
Name LG webOS Smart TV

LG Smart TVs usually run the webOS operating system. If it is from 2014 or older, they may run Android (Google TV) (only used in 2 kinda luxury models), or NetCast. ZENA forensics has made an analysis on a 55SK8000PUA tv.


Partition structure

Four EXT4 partitions can be found.

7-zip revealed a SquashFS at the beginning of the image.

The Squashfs has a Linux-style folder schema and seems to contain the WebOS files.

I decided then to run "binwalk" on the image: the tool found 6 SquashFS file systems.

Overall I found six SquashFS, extracted by binwalk and four EXT4 partitions, extracted by MobileRevelator and TestDisk: Partition 0 (/mnt/lg/uhdcp), Partition 1 (/var/db), Partition 2 (/mnt/lg/cmn_data) and Partition 3(/media).

SquashFS files

The six SquashFS files contain the stock LG WebOS. The "/etc/issue" file contains the operating system version. In the dataset it contains "webOS TV 3.5.0".

Partition 0 (/mnt/lg/uhdcp) and Partition 1 (/var/db)

Partition 0 (/mnt/lg/uhdcp) and Partition 1 (/var/db) don't seem containing useful data from a forensics perspective.

Partition 2 (/mnt/lg/cmn_data)

Partition 2 (/mnt/lg/cmn_data) seems containing the most interesting files from a forensics perspective.

The "/.iot/accountInfoFile" file contains a username, apparently related to the Amazon Echo service. In the provided dataset three values seem interesting: userID, userNo and aliasName.

The "/.iot/networkInfoFile" file contains the device name (in the provided dataset "[LG] webOS TV SK8000PUA")

  • The "/btsvc/mtk.conf" file contains:
  • the TV Bluetooth name (in the provided dataset "[LG] webOS TV SK8000PUA")
  • the TV Bluetooth MAC Address (in the provided dataset "00:51:ed:2b:db:27", manufactured by LG Innotek)
  • the paired LG MR18 remote controller Bluetooth MAC Address (in the provided dataset "98:f5:a9:da:aa:f5")

The "/btsvc/mrcu1.info" file contains additional details about the remote controller, including the firmware version.

The "/btsvc/pairing_history" file contains information about remote controller pairing, including timestamps.

The "/btsvc/bluedroid-mtk/rec/bluedroid/bt_config.conf" file contains additional information about paired devices.

The "/channel_logo/major_logo_img" folder contains TV channels images an related JSON files.

The "/irdbmanager/setting/oss_setting_info_stb.txt" file contains information about the connected Set Top Box. In the provided dataset the Set Top Box is manufactured by "Direct TV" and connected on HDMI_1 port. The service name is "DirectTV(Denver)".

The "/var/lib/connman/" file contains information about connected Wi-Fi.

The "/var/luna/data/downloadhistory.db" file contains information about installed applications. An embedded JSON file for each installation is available. It contains information about the specific app, including timestamps. In the specific dataset various apps are installed like Netflix, Amazon Prime Video, Vudu, ChannelPlus, Sling and YouTube.

The "/var/lib/wam/" folder contains information about the "Web Application Manager", a component responsible for web application management in webOS platform. The Default subfolder is a Chrome-style profile folder, that can be parsed with Hindsight.

Various Chrome-style Localstorage databases are stored in the profile. Among the others, the "lgappstv.com" contains last use date for each installed app.

The "/var/luna/preferences/" folder contains various TV settings and preferences.

The "/var/luna/preferences/localtime" file contains the local timezone. In the provided dataset "/usr/share/zoneinfo/America/Denver".

The "/var/luna/preferences/option" file contains various TV settings, including the ZIP code. In the provided dataset "80020", that corresponds to "Broomfield, Colorado" where VTO Labs is located.

The "/var/luna/preferences/locl" file contains the SHA-256 value of the System PIN. In the provided dataset the value is "9af15b336e6a9619928537df30b2e6a2376569fcf9d7e773eccede65606529a0" that corresponds to the PIN "0000".

The "/var/luna/preferences/systemprefs.db" file contains various system preferences, including the local timezone.

Some other interesting files in the "/var/luna/preferences/" folder are:

  • time
  • twinTV
  • channel
  • environmentCondition
  • localeinfo

The "/var/spool/" folder contains various log files.

For example, the "analytics_log_NNN.tgz" files, contain information about app launch, and other user actions. More research is definitely needed on these logs, but they are for sure useful to build a usage timeline.

The "/webbrowser/chrome/Default" folder contains the internal web browser data. The WebOS Web Browser is based on Chromium, so the content of the folder can be easily parsed with Hindsight.

In the provided dataset I found three Google searches ("calendar", "aol mail", "sprout"), a login on AOL.com with a specific email address and a login on Facebook.com.

Partition 3 (/media)

Partition 3 (/media) contains user data and third-party applications binary files, libraries and configuration.

The "cryptofs/apps/usr/palm" folder contains third-party application binary files, libraries and configuration.

The "cryptofs/apps/var/lib/status" file contains third-party application details, including installation date.

  • "captureTV" folder should contain captured images
  • "internal" folder should contain user files (wallpapers, downloads, ringtones)
  • "myphoto" folder should contain user photos

See also LG Smart TV firmware package.


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